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  1. Gupta, M, Ghaffari, M, Freire, AX. Rhabdomyolysis in a patient with West Nile encephalitis and flaccid paralysis. Tenn Med, 101 (4), 45-7, 2008.
  2. Kitabchi, AE, Freire, AX, Umpierrez, GE. Evidence for strict inpatient blood glucose control: time to revise glycemic goals in hospitalized patients. Metabolism, 57 (1), 116-20, 2008.
  3. Meduri, GU, Golden, E, Freire, AX, Taylor, E, Zaman, M, Carson, SJ, Gibson, M, Umberger, R. Methylprednisolone infusion in early severe ARDS: results of a randomized controlled trial. Chest, 131 (4), 954-63, 2007.
  4. Avecillas, JF, Freire, AX, Arroliga, AC. Clinical epidemiology of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome: incidence, diagnosis, and outcomes. Clin Chest Med, 27 (4), 549-57; abstract vii, 2006.
  5. Freire, AX, Bridges, L, Umpierrez, GE, Kuhl, D, Kitabchi, AE. Admission hyperglycemia and other risk factors as predictors of hospital mortality in a medical ICU population. Chest, 128 (5), 3109-16, 2005.
  6. Umpierrez, GE, Latif, K, Stoever, J, Cuervo, R, Park, L, Freire, AX, E Kitabchi, A. Efficacy of subcutaneous insulin lispro versus continuous intravenous regular insulin for the treatment of patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. Am J Med, 117 (5), 291-6, 2004.
  7. Meduri, GU, Carratu, P, Freire, AX. Evidence of biological efficacy for prolonged glucocorticoid treatment in patients with unresolving ARDS. Eur Respir J Suppl, 42, 57s-64s, 2003.
  8. Carratù, P, Morelli, N, Freire, AX, Pugazhenthi, M, Guerra, S, Umberger, R, Allegra, L. Effect of zafirlukast on methacholine and ultrasonically nebulized distilled water challenge in patients with mild asthma. Respiration, 70 (3), 249-53, 2003.
  9. Freire, AX, Benítez, S, Briones, K, Freire, NV. [Duration of the diagnostic process for lung cancer versus other solid tumors at the National Oncology Institute of Ecuador. Arch Bronconeumol, 39 (4), 167-70, 2003.
  10. Freire, AX, Umpierrez, GE, Afessa, B, Latif, KA, Bridges, L, Kitabchi, AE. Predictors of intensive care unit and hospital length of stay in diabetic ketoacidosis. J Crit Care, 17 (4), 207-11, 2002.
  11. Freire, AX, Afessa, B, Cawley, P, Phelps, S, Bridges, L. Characteristics associated with analgesia ordering in the intensive care unit and relationships with outcome. Crit Care Med, 30 (11), 2468-72, 2002.
  12. Umpierrez, G, Freire, AX. Abdominal pain in patients with hyperglycemic crises. J Crit Care, 17 (1), 63-7, 2002.